Plenary 5, Cecil Konijnendijk van den Bosch: CIty Forests, Forest Cities-Exploring The Liaison Between The Sylvan And The Urban
October 12th, 2014

Video: Keynote – Cecil Konijnendijk van den Bosch

Exploring The Complex Liaison Between The Sylvan And The Urban Since the rise of the first cities, the relationship between the Sylvan and the Urban has been complex. Although city and forest have often been regarded as enemies, or at least as opposite ends on a continuum between the man-made and the natural, cities have […]

Jim Reaves
October 12th, 2014

Interview: Dr. Jim Reaves, USFS

Dr. Jim Reaves, US Forest Service discusses his role with the USFS and discussing the recent survey – Crossing Science Boundaries, and the IUFRO 2014 World Congress.

Example of  pine wilting caused by pinewood nematodes. Credit: University of Illinois Extension
October 11th, 2014

Looking for Ways to Fight the Alien Invasion

SP-18: Stemming Invasions of Forest Insects and Pathogens: Research Supporting Pathway Risk Management and Phytosanitary Policy The principal pathway for invasive species to enter Europe is not through wood or logs, according to Alain Roques, but rather through the plants that people cultivate in their gardens and around their homes. “The most likely pathway is […]

Group walking logging roads. Credit: Sam Beebe
October 11th, 2014

America’s first forest stewards

A-11 American Indian Forestry American Indians practiced sustainable forest management before the time of Gifford Pinchot and the USDA Forest Service. Native peoples relied on forests for subsistence and cultural resources, and they actively managed forests for these values. Tribal forestry is still very alive today. One third of Indian land is forested, a total […]

Building A "Ca' da Mont" of Planezzo. Credit: Frattari
October 11th, 2014

Wood and Forest Culture

A-19: Wood and forest culture: merging the past with the present Wood has played a substantial role in the development of civilization, providing humans with building materials and fuel for thousands of years.  Session A-1 Wood and forest culture: merging the past with the present, examined the historical, religious, artistic, and other social values of […]

Central Clayoquot Sound, British Columbia, Vancouver Island, Canada Credit: Leigh R. Hilbert
October 11th, 2014

Beyond Timber

B01: The Future of Ecosystem Services from Forests In Malaysia, one hectare of forest is valued at $500, but once converted to an oil palm plantation, the value skyrockets to $25,000. Across the globe, natural ecosystems are worth less than land that is converted to agriculture. In the presence of such economic disparities, how then […]

White Spruce (Picea glauca)
Credit: SJQuinney Library
October 11th, 2014

Sustainable Management of Spruce-dominated Ecosystems in Response to Climate Change: Lessons from North America and Europe

C-27: Sustainable Management Of Spruce Dominated Ecosystems in Response to Climate Change Spruce trees are some of the most important trees in many parts of Europe. They form the backbone of the wood processing industries, and provide a variety of materials and services. The idea behind this session was to discuss some of the emerging […]

May Anne Then
October 11th, 2014

Interview: May Anne Then, IFSA

May Anne Then, President of the International Forestry Students’ Association sits down to talk at the XXIV IUFRO World Congress in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.

Carol J.P Colfer addresses audience at IUFRO 2014.
October 11th, 2014

The Only Sustainable World is an Equitable One

Plenary 4: The People and Forests Trajectory – 1994-2014 and Beyond  In much of the developing world women remain invisible in attempts to create sustainable forests because of issues related to equity and because they’re often excluded from governance. “We have been ignoring the potential of half the world’s population,” said Carol J.P. Colfer, who […]

October 10th, 2014

Dr. Deepak Dhyani wins #IUFRO2014 Pre-Congress Blog Competition

Ahead of the XXIV IUFRO World Congress we provided a platform to showcase research and projects to the international community and start the sharing of knowledge well before anyone landed in Salt Lake City. Thirty-four posts were entered into the competition, introducing a wide range of issues and knowledge from around the world. Dr. Deepak […]

Photo by Ollivier Girard for Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR).
October 10th, 2014

Restoring the World Forests, One Species at a Time

B-08: Forest Regeneration: Challenges and Prospects   When nine forest scientists from all around the world are put in one room to talk about forest regeneration, it’s very likely the international audience will learn about many tree species. From South America, to western Australia, to the Rocky Mountains, the speakers divulged an array of plant […]

Source: David J. Moorhead, University of Georgia,
October 10th, 2014

Energy From Biomass: Can it Help in Climate Change Mitigation?

E-01 Sustainable Biomass for Energy and Industrial Raw Materials: Biomass Potentials There are many terms and implications associated with woody biomass production and its potential as an energy source. Viktor Bruckman from the Commission for Interdisciplinary Ecologial Studies at the Austrian Academy of Sciences suggested the main question is: how can we extract energy in […]

Source: Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University,
October 10th, 2014

Managing the Mountains

B12: Forest Management in Mountain Communities   Mountains cover 24 percent of the Earth’s land surface and are home to 12 percent of the global human population. While mountains may seem harsh and rugged, the plant and animal communities they support are actually quite fragile and sensitive to change. This adds another layer of complexity […]

Photo by Marco Simola for Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR).
October 10th, 2014

Theory lets you see the invisible

SP-12: Policy Learning for Multi-Level Governance Developing policy regardless of level is a complicated process. When looking at governance and policy across multiple levels — local, state, national, international — the complications tend to compound. This cluster of overlapping interests, demands, regulations, etc, becomes so difficult to comprehend that it’s essential to approach the discussion […]

Photo by Mokhammad Edliadi for Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR).
October 10th, 2014

Coastal Forests and Mangroves: What’s their Role in Local Livelihoods?

D-09: Ecology and Management of Coastal Forests and Mangroves   Have you ever wondered what the reactions would be if a coastal community in, say, Bangladesh woke up to a devastating flood? The obvious attribution would likely be that something “bad” must have happened to their many mangrove tree species, and this reaction might not […]

Jolanda Roux
October 10th, 2014

Interview: Dr. Jolanda Roux

Dr. Jolanda Roux is a professor at the University of Victoria and is a recipient of the IUFRO Scientific Achievement Award. The forest work she saw during her college studies was so inspiring that she shifted to forestry. She focuses primarily on forest health and pathology issues including fungi.

David Haskall
October 10th, 2014

Video: Jack Dangermond & David Haskell Joint Keynote Plenary

David Haskell and Jack Dangermond spoke at the IUFRO 2014 World Congress SAF, CIF/IFC joint keynote plenary session. They focused on different ways of gathering observational information from cutting age GIS tools to the trusted method of personal observation. Their inspiring words tell about different approaches to giving people ways of understanding the world around […]

Photo by Mokhammad Edliadi for Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR).
October 10th, 2014

Forests as Supermarkets, Gyms, and Insurance Companies

SP-09 Forests for People: Ecosystem Services Under Pressure?   Walking into this session I was prepared for grim predictions about resource scarcity and ecosystem collapse. The session tagline was pretty foreboding—“Ecosystem services under pressure?” It was totally a misnomer! Rather than doom and gloom, the four speakers related stories about forests’ value to people. They […]

October 10th, 2014

Video: David Haskell, Jack Dangermond et al Joint Panel Discussion

  This discussion focuses on trying to answer the questions: what is knowledge and how is it acquired? To what extend can things be “known?” What can we learn from research on adaptive management of social and natural systems? And how can that learning be translated into wisdom which can help us be better stewards […]

Ogden Archive, USDA Forest Service,
October 10th, 2014

Who Will Survive the Drought?

D-02B: Conceptual Frames and Research Strategies for Integrated Studies of Adaptations to Drought   Large-scale tree mortality events are prevalent worldwide. Insect outbreaks, fire, and drought are just a few factors that could be contributing to these events. However, there remains much uncertainty as to how plants respond to these stresses and the physiological mechanisms […]

October 10th, 2014

Integration and Communication to Bridge the Gap between Science and Management

Plenary 3 Panel: Knowledge Discovery, Synthesis, and Application at the Forest Science/Management Interface   How can we effectively integrate the many ways of understanding forests to create the best paradigms to manage them? That was the question that moderator Nalini Nadkami, professor of biology at the University of Utah, posed to a panel of five […]

Jack Dangermond on the wonders of Web GIS. Source: Schramm
October 9th, 2014

Discovering Knowledge through Geography and the Inconspicuous Proletariat

Plenary 3: Knowledge Discovery, Synthesis, and Application at the Forest Science/Management Interface   The planet is evolving, according to Jack Dangermond, and geography as a science is playing a key role in that evolution. Dangermond, who is the founder and president of ESRI, addressed the third plenary session of the 2014 IUFRO World Congress. “We […]

Source: Toby Eberle
October 9th, 2014

Stunning Sights on Antelope Island

IC-08 Hydrology and International Bird Migration in the Great Salt Lake   The fourth-largest terminal lake in the world (no outlet), the Great Salt Lake supports between 2 and 5 million shorebirds, as many as 1.7 million eared grebes, and hundreds of thousands of waterfowl during spring and fall migration. The lake is the largest […]

View from the Snowbird Tram with the Spyglass App showing the location, elevation, azimuth, and slope steepness from the top to the bottom. Source: Bill Elliot
October 9th, 2014

What’s Going On with Alpine Water?

IC-01 Alpine Hydrology – understanding snow science, water, and climate change in alpine environments   The Wasatch Range of Utah was the perfect place for tour participants to discuss impacts of large-scale tree mortality. The central topic of this tour was the hydrological and hazard impacts of the beetle epidemic, with some specific notes on […]

Photo by Marco Simola for Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR).
October 8th, 2014

Disentangling Plant Interactions with Tropospheric Ozone

G-02: Ozone and Forest Health   Tropospheric ozone (O3) is a criteria pollutant that is formed by the reaction of sunlight with ozone precursor molecules such as NOx and VOCs. While the formation of ozone is a natural process, anthropogenic production of ozone precursors through combustion and industrial processes can increase the concentration of O3 […]

David Newberry
October 8th, 2014

Video: David Newberry Keynote Address

On Maintaining Cycles and Feedbacks in Tropical Forest Ecosystems: Some thoughts from Basic Research Despite a long tradition of continued research into the ecology of natural rain forests many insights have still to be acknowledged and applied properly in forest management. Relevant advice continues to be largely ignored, and this has important consequences for conservation […]

Steve Johnson, ITTO speaks at IUFRO President's Discussion. Credit: Ramin Korchidi
October 8th, 2014

President’s Discuss Emerging Issues in Forest Policy and Practice

President’s Discussion 2014 Emerging Issues in Forest Policy and Practice: Input from Stakeholders to the Science Community The President’s Discussion has become a valued feature of any IUFRO World Congress. The discussion at this year’s Congress focused on identifying with stakeholder’s emerging issues in forest policy and practice. Research in any field has to serve their […]

Liu Jinlong and fellow presenters discuss Cultural Values, Quality of Life, and Forest Landscapes
October 8th, 2014

Pondering the Role of Culture in Sustainable Forest Management

SP-06 Cultural values, quality of life and forest landscapes   Scientists are always questioning. They question popular theories, basic assumptions, statistical methods, simplified models, and so on and so forth. Sometimes all I want is a straight answer. If I was seeking one today, I was in the wrong place at the wrong time! Speakers […]

CPF Award Ceremony
October 8th, 2014

Interview: Martha ‘Pati’ Ruiz Corzo – CPF 2014 Wangari Maathai Award Winner

At the XXVI IUFRO World Congress on Forest Science in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, Martha ‘Pati’ Ruiz Corzo accepted the Collaborative Partnership on Forests (CPF) 2014 Wangari Maathai Award for her pioneering work to preserve forests and alleviate rural poverty in her native country. The Wangari Maathai Award recognizes extraordinary efforts by an individual […]

David Newbery calls for a return to basic science at the 2014 IUFRO World Congress.
October 8th, 2014

Seeking a Middle Way in Ecological Research

Plenary 2: On Maintaining Cycles and Feedbacks in Tropical Forest Ecosystems: Some Thoughts from Basic Research   David Newbery has been searching for a better way of doing science for years. “It is time to return to basic science in forestry,” he said. “It is time to be more reflective and modest.” Newbery, who is […]

Woman of Pengerak village makes a bemban mat. Bemban mat is one of non-timber forest product (NTFP) from Lake Sentarum National Park, West Kalimantan, Indonesia.


Photo by Ramadian Bachtiar for Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR).
October 7th, 2014

Forestry Through a Gender Lens: The Role of Women in Forestry Value Chains

F-05 Gender and Forestry Value Chains Women play a critical, and often unrecognized, role in forestry in developing countries, particularly in Non-Timber Forest Product-based (NTFP) activities. Today’s technical sessions F-05 “Gender and Forestry Value Chains” focused on exploring the role women play in these value chains in the context of forest loss and an ever-increasing […]

Forests provide ecological and cultural value that must be measured. Source: David Stephens,
October 7th, 2014

Ecosystem Services Need to Be Incorporated Into Forest Management

Session B-05A: The benefits of introducing the ecosystem service concept in forest management and planning at different spatial scales   The world’s forests are in a state of flux: land-use change, climate change, deforestation, afforestation, wildfires, pathogen outbreaks. In the face of both anthropogenic and natural forces, now more than ever, there is a need […]

Screen Shot 2014-10-07 at 3.27.01 PM
October 7th, 2014

Video: Forest Service Research – Protecting a Rich Legacy

This video tells the grand story of America’s long history of forest research and management. From the beginnings of the U.S. Forest Service with Teddy Roosevelt and Gifford Pinchot to the highly skilled forest scientists around the country, America’s forests are a legacy worth protecting.

Long-term research on watersheds shows that there's no simple formula to predict how watersheds will respond to land-use change. Photo by National Park Service.
October 7th, 2014

No two watersheds are the same

D-01: Long-Term Watershed Studies: What Have We Learned About Eco-Hydrological Functioning   From studies in China to Ethiopia to Portugal, the United States, South Korea, and Japan, it’s clear that there’s no simple formula to predict how watersheds will respond to land-use change. This session spoke to the need for site-specific evaluations in making management […]

USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Region,
October 7th, 2014

Can Planted Forests Assist in Restoring Ecosystem Services?

B-14 Ecosystem Services Provided by Planted Forests If I stood completely still and simply listened, I could actually hear the beetles ravaging the inner cambium of the pine trees that surrounded me. Bark and frass fell upon the snow around the base of the tree, providing even further evidence of the beetles taking hold of […]

Source: Dan Aamlid, Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute,
October 7th, 2014

Shut Off That Engine!

G-01 Air Pollution as a Factor Affecting Global Forest Health Industrial growth has inevitably led to the emission of toxic gases into our atmosphere. When they exceed certain limits or concentrations, these gases are catastrophic and can turn deadly towards the very systems that sustain our survival. Like many ecosystems, forests can easily become a […]

Severe outbreaks of mountain pine beetle can throw a cog in forest ecosystems. Photo courtesy of
October 7th, 2014

Cogs in the Works of Ecosystem Resilience

SP-03 Forest Health in a Changing world. A cog in the works usually means interference at the least, possibly irreparable damage to a system. From time to time, certain factors (cogs) affect natural systems, influencing their capacities to regenerate or adapt to changes following natural or even human-induced disturbances. Speakers in the plenary session explored […]

October 7th, 2014

Can You Put a Price on Nature?

SP-02 Integrating the Economics of Ecosystem Services into Sustainable Forest Management How much would you pay for beautiful mountain views? How much for forests that purify your drinking water, or the protection of solitary and remote wilderness? If you’re struggling to come up with a dollar amount, you’re not alone. Valuating nature is a challenging […]

Scientific Achievement Award winners, from left to right:  Shibu Jose, Aino A. Mäkelä-Carter, Sally Aitken, Robert Kozak, Jürgen Bauhus, Christopher Harwood, Richard Hamelin, and Guisseppe Scarascia Mugnozza. Not pictured: Jolanda Roux.
October 6th, 2014

Science for Sustaining the World’s Forests

The 2014 IUFRO Scientific Achievement Awards   IUFRO presents the Scientific Achievement Awards for outstanding research published in scientific journals, proceedings of scientific meetings, books, appropriate patents or other achievements important to the advancement of regional or world forestry or forestry research. Shirong Liu, Chairman of the IUFRO Honors and Awards Committee, announced this year’s […]

From L to R: IUFRO President Niels Elers Koch; Award Winners Dr. Chadwick Dearing Oliver, Dr. Harold E. Burkhart, and Dr. Stephen Hubbell; USDA Under Secretary Robert Bonnie; Congress Organizing Committee Chair Richard Guldin.
October 6th, 2014

Preeminent Forest Scientists Receive Scientific Achievement Award

Forestry research is a vast and diverse field, rich with expertise in many scientific arenas. Three renowned experts from varied fields of study were recognized with Host Country Scientific Achievement Awards during the IUFRO 2014 World Congress Opening Ceremony. These awards recognize distinguished careers that have had exceptional impact. The recipients, Dr. Harold E. Burkhart, […]